Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout. This result is supported by Hos-sain et al. Evaluation of hybrids based on mean performance disclosed that the hybrids, L6 x T2, L9 x T4, L5 x T4, L4 x T4, L3 x T1, L1 x T2, L1 x T3, L2 x T2 and L3 x T3 were superior for most of the yield contributing traits. few tillers limit grain yield and too many tillers result high tiller abortion, poor grain filling and reduction of panicle size . J Jilin Agric Univ 27(1):6–10, Shao CX, Pan XB, Li JW et al (2019) Effects of flooding duration in different growth stages on growth and yield component of rice. Trans Chin Soc Agric Eng 34(3):143–150, Zhao LM, Li M, Zheng DF et al (2014) Analysis of the factors and their effect on the photosynthesis of rice. A contribution to the knowledge of Rice B, The genus Oryza: Its taxonomy and species interrelationships, Principles and Practices of Rice Production, Physiological Boost to Improve the Yield of Rice Germplasm under Different Water Regimes, Principles and practices of rice production, Studies on genetic variability, divergence and improvement of Maranta arundinacea L. (West Indian arrowroot), SCREENING AFRICAN RICE (O. glaberrima Steud.) The hybrids, L3 x T1, L3 x T3, L1 x T2, L6 x T2 and L7 x T1 had significantly high sca effects for maximum number of traits. Part of Springer Nature. J Plant Nutr Fert 23(5):1225–1237, Zhang XJ, Sun XJ, Zhang SP et al (2006) The relationship between tillering and yield. Multiple linear regression models of lead SNPs showed coefficients of determination (R 2) of 0.49, 0.22, and 0.41 for the tiller number at the maximum tillering stage, productive tiller number, and productive tiller ratio, respectively. Canadian Journal of Botany of Paddy Rice is one of the most important food crops in the world and it is the staple food for over 2.7 billion people. PubMed Google Scholar. Hortic Seed 07:71–75, Zhang XX, Fan Y, Jia Y et al (2018) Effect of water deficit on photosynthetic characteristics, yield and water use efficiency in Shiranui citrus under drip irrigation. Salt induced abiotic stress is an acute problem, interrupting the metabolic processes of plants, resulting in reduced growth and productivity. Efficient screening techniques are pre-requsiite for success in selecting desirable genotypes through breeding programme. The entire collection was first screened in preliminary evaluation and best performing accessions were further evaluated in advanced screening. Mod Rural Sci Technol 20:12, Li SX, Guo H, Li M et al (2013) Young panicle formation stage after water stress on the production and transport of photosynthate in rice. Chin Agric Sci Bull 22(2):130–132, Zhang ZX, Zheng EN, Wang CM et al (2017) Effect of different water and nitrogen levels on chlorophyll fluorescence parameters and photosynthetic characteristics of rice. Acta Agric Boreali-Sinica 28(05):133–137, Liang MA (2017) Variety comparative analysis of tillering characteristica and main agronomic traits in rice. Five signals were detected in genomic regions near known candidate genes. The study revealed that the cultivar Kuthiru ranked first based on the cumulative performance index calculated on the basis of thirteen characters including six growth characters and seven yield characters. Key findings: Promising accessions for breeding flood tolerant varieties were identified from the evaluation of two thousand and two accessions of O. glaberrima for tolerance of the three most important flood types affecting rice production in Asia and Africa: flooding at germination (AG), submergence at seedling stages and stagnant flooding. Thus, it is necessary to optimize the tiller number to achieve the maximum yield in rice. All content in this area was uploaded by Mohanan K.V. Transplanted crops generally produce more tillers than direct seeded crops, and dry season crops often produce more tillers than wet season crops. Results showed that proline concentration increased in all the cultivars studied in relation to increase in salt stress and it was progressive along with increase in stress. Amino acid transporters (AATs) play indispensable roles in nutrient allocation during plant development. It is a natural system utilizing indigenous knowledge and local resources. 1.1 Rice Crop Tillers & Panicle This research would focus on phenotyping of rice crops. Genetic Basis of Tiller Dynamics of Rice Revealed by Genome-Wide Association Studies, Heterosis analysis for yield in hybrids involving new plant type and indica lines of rice (Oryza saiva L.), Relative Contribution of Rice Tillers of Different Status Towards Yield. However, comprehensive analyses of the genetic basis of tiller number, considering the development stage, tiller type, and related traits, are lacking. Clear difference in grain yield was observed in the six clusters. Fourthly, compared to LYP9, YLY1 had more productive tillers, compared to LYP9, which results in more effective panicles number per hill (Table 6, Fig. Rainfed Aus rice is a popular conventional rice cultivation technique that through appropriate variety selection can accelerate the benefits of the farmer. A line x tester analysis was carried out in rice with nine new plant type lines and four testers to measure the expression and magnitude of heterosis in single plant yield and nine other yield attributing characters. Plants under drought condition survive by doing a balancing act between maintenance of turgor and reduction of water loss. Selection and further improvement programmes using these cultivars will give rise to promising rice varieties suited for the needs of this special rice ecosystem. Google Scholar, Hao SR, Guo XP, Zhang ZY (2010) Compensation effects of water stress and rewatering on the structure of rice canopy. treatment, number of effective tillers was less than total tiller per hill. Drought limits the agriculture production by preventing the plants from expressing their full genetic potential. Trans Chin Soc Agric Mach 50(01):263–274+284, Xu DH (2016) The present situation and sustainable development of rice in Heilongjiang province. The difference in effective tillers/hill is due to the genetic makeup of the rice varieties. The continual emergence of new tillers takes place from the main stem and these generate their own roots to grow independently, hence ensuring the survival of the gramineous plants u… The two key part of a rice crop that is useful to this research are its tiller and panicle shown in Fig. With respect to the interaction effect of seed rate and row spacing, significant effects were observed on total tillers/m, effective tillers/m, thousand seeds weight and straw yields. secondary and tertiary tillers which come forth at different stages of growth. The maximum number of tillers usually occurred at the late tillering or jointing stage (approximately 40 DAT). Drought is the most devasting abiotic stress that curtails the crop productivity of rice in rainfed areas and most recalcitrant to breeders' effort. Proline is an amino acid which increases in plants under abiotic stress. Universal Journal of Agricultural Research. found that nitrogen fertilizer application increased the number of rice tillers, but not every tiller contributed equally to the overall yield. Rice Panicles The number of tillers per plant will vary according to nutrient status, variety and planting rate (higher seeding rates normally give fewer tillers). Furthermore, the model was validated using independent japonica rice collections, implying that the lead SNPs included in the linear regression model were generally applicable to tiller number prediction. Crops treated without N fertilizer + Azolla 100 kg ha-1 were unable to produce high number of total and effective tillers (Fig. The total land area under cultivation in Chhattisgarh is 5.64 million hectares, out of which rice occupies about 3.85 million hectare. At 150–180 days, at least 50% of the shoots die and a stable population is established. The tillering capacity of rice plants varies with variety, plant spacing, fertility, weed competition and damage from pests. Abstract. Hayayuki . In all the cultivars the total polyamine content got increased starting from the 10mM NaCl treatment itself. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40003-020-00485-0, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40003-020-00485-0, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in The plants were subjected to different levels of salt stress ranging from 0 to 200 mM of NaCl and the concentration of proline in the leaf samples was inspected. In this study, we sequence 219 Korean rice accessions and construct a high-quality single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) dataset. The rice japonica variety Nipponbare and the indica variety 93-11, the genomic DNA sequences of which are known, were used to analyze the response of the panicles exserted from the caulis and from various effective tillers at four stages of panicle development to neck blast. (2019) 129 sativa check. For each rice pest, farmers have their own economic injury levels. After maximum tillering has occurred, no more effective tillers are produced. Multiple linear regression models of lead SNPs showed coefficients of determination (R²) of 0.49, 0.22, and 0.41 for the tiller number at the maximum tillering stage, productive tiller number, and productive tiller ratio, respectively. This tall variety gets three feet and is known for its wonderful flavor. Amino acid transporters (AATs) play indispensable roles in nutrient allocation during plant development. Trans Chin Soc Agric Mach 50(11):285–292, Pang GB, Xu ZH, Yang SH et al (2017) Influence factors analysis of rice leaf water use efficiency under controlled irrigation. In rice, miR156 could repress OsSPL14 functions by cleaves its mRNA, and miR156-OE plants resulted in rapid tiller initiation . OsMADS57 expression was significantly reduced in osa-miR444a-overexpressing rice, which showed fewer tillers than did WT . All weed control treatments recorded significantly more number of effective tillers as compared with unweeded control. Seventy genotypes of rice (Oryza sativa L.) were evaluated during Kharif 2012 to study the nature and extent of correlation among yield and yield attributing characters, days to 50 per cent flowering, days to maturity, number of effective tillers per plant, plant height, panicle Tillers are segmented, each segment possessing its own two-part leaf. cultivars of North Kerala under salinity stress has been analysed presently and the results show that the total polyamine content in all the cultivars got increased in relation to the increase in the salt concentration applied. Method to increase effective tillers in Paddy by SherGill Markhai - Duration: 5:38. Rice germinates as a single culmed seedling, but soon after the seedling stage it produces primary, secondary and tertiary tillers which come forth at different stages of growth. the production of high effective tiller number could increase the yield of rice for farmers who apply very little or no inputs at all in their rice production. Maintaining crop yields under adverse environmental stresses is a major challenge facing modern agriculture where polyamines play an important role. Tiller Angle Control 1 (TAC1) is a key regulator responsible for the different tiller angles between japonica and indica rice. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. The effective rice LAI has been shown to change among regions by as much as 6 to 10, and the related parameters, such as the extinction coefficient and intercepted photosynthetically active radia- ... groups, N improves the rice population productivity mainly by increasing tillers number. Branching comprises a protective mechanism for higher plants, by assisting with reducing the impacts of injury, and facilitating adaptation to the environment (Horvath et al. All the rice plants were grown in a greenhouse, with 10 h light and 14 h dark, or in the field under natural conditions in summer, Shanghai, China. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Increasing the genetic yield potential of rice: prospects and approaches. 4. By a genome-wide association study (GWAS), we detected 20 significant association signals for all traits. - 18.104.22.168. 2: Effective and non-effective tillers of boro rice at harvest affected by variety (S x − = 03916 and 0.0365) Am-Euras. Each tiller will bear a rice panicle, and you can get up to 100 grains of rice per panicle. The hulls fill out well and are easy to harvest. The lowest number of effective tillers/hill (5.95) was recorded in Raniselute. It is said that a tiller of rice plant is a Drought acts a serious limiting factor in agriculture scenario by preventing a crop from reaching the genetically determined theoretical maximum yield. However, the availability of asparagine generated from AS1 reactions is apparently less effective for the outgrowth of tillers. Meri kheti Mera Kisan 29,932 views. Our results improve our understanding of tillering in rice plants and provide a basis for breeding high-yield rice varieties with the optimum the tiller number. Our results improve our understanding of tillering in rice plants and provide a basis for breeding high-yield rice varieties with the optimum tiller number. The drip irrigation treatment had more effective tillers, more roots in topsoil, higher WUE, and greater economic benefit in rice (He, Ma, Yang, Chen, & Jia, 2013), but less yield compare with conventional flooding irrigation. From the main stem, another stem would develop. In order to study the effects of shallow wet–dry irrigation at tillering stage on effective tiller numbers, photosynthetic activity, yield and water use efficiency (WUE) of rice in black soil region, a pot experiment was conducted at Qingan National Irrigation Test Station of Heilongjiang Province from May to September in 2019. The plants were treated with gradually increasing concentrations of NaCl varying from 0-200 mM starting from the 45th day of growth onwards mimicking the gradually increasing salt content of the salinity prone rice farms of the study area and the quantity of total phenolics was investigated in each case. Differences in grain yield and yield components The aim was to see the effects of the weed control treatments on crop growth and yield in boro rice. In order to evaluate the potential mechanism of cultivar differences in rice drought tolerance and to link those traits to yield regulation mechanism, the current investigation was carried out with rice germplasm growing in different water regimes. In this communi-cation, the effect of 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) on the growth, yield attributes and yield is elaborated. Trans Chin Soc Agric Mach 41(3):52–55+61, Hao SR, Guo XP, Wang WJ et al (2010) After effects of water stress on corn growth atdifferent stages. One accession (TOS 6454) was selected for submergence while four O. glaberrima accessions (IG 48, GERVEX 2674, TOG 7148 and IG 133) were selected for stagnant flooding. Rice is the world's leading food crop, cultivated over an area of about 145 million hectares. Five signals were detected in genomic regions near known candidate genes. Chronological of tillers and their Difference in Grain Yield and Quality among Tillers in Rice Genotypes Differing in Tillering Capacity 137 the mutant reached the highest panicle weight increase rate at 10 and 15 days after flowering, respectively. Based on preliminary screening; 43, 20, and 42 accessions were selected for tolerance to AG, submergence and stagnant flooding respectively. In this study, we demonstrated that inhibiting expression of the rice amino acid transporter OsAAP3 increased grain yield due to a formation of larger numbers of tillers as a … Among the cultivars studied, Kuthiru showed the highest quantity of phenolic compounds and Orkazhama showed the highest percentage of increase of phenolics over the control plants in relation to increase in salt stress. Thus, it is necessary to optimize the tiller number to achieve the maximum yield in rice. Furthermore, tiller number decreased when OsSPL14 mutated at the OsmiR156-targeted site . This concept is recent and it displaces the early concept of high tillering rice varieties. Rice can be grown in different environmental conditions, but wetland cultivation is the most widely used method for rice production. Abstract. Article The proximity to sea and subsequent periodic sea inundation ensure the uniqueness of this system. The yield (Y) and WUE in T1 treatment were higher than that of the other treatments, significantly (P < 0.05). B. Phosphorus. • Therefore, regulation of tiller dynamics is important for crop management; too few tillers limit grain yield and too many tillers result high tiller abortion, poor grain filling and reduction of … Grain yield is a complex character and its expression under specific environment depends on one or more of yield components. The population productivity increased at optimum planting densities. 1. The tillers having filled grains were recorded as effective tillers and the tillers … Rice is the most important food grain crop with regard to human nutrition and caloric intake. ... Foliar application of fertilizers is yet another means to increase the fertiliser use efficiency in rice crop. 2: Effective and non-effective tillers of boro rice at harvest affected by variety (S x − = 03916 and 0.0365) Am-Euras. One in every three people depends on rice for more than half of their daily food (Sureka et al., 2016), Chronological of tillers and their orientation and performance in some salinity tolerant rice cultivars and varieties. IV). It takes 115 days to mature from transplanting. Therefore, it is imperative to develop an efficient and effective in-field technology to quickly detect productive tiller numbers. 1 Tiller of a rice crop  156 K. P. Constantino et al. The rice japonica variety Nipponbare and the indica variety 93-11, the genomic DNA sequences of which are known, were used to analyze the response of the panicles exserted from the caulis and from various effective tillers at four stages of panicle development to neck blast. Subscription will auto renew annually. (2008) and Chowdhury et al. Rice is a semi aquatic monocot, grown in a wide range of ecological conditions. All rights reserved. Tillers in rice crops appear as soon the rice crop is self-supporting (Maclean, Hardy, & Hettel, 2013). However kaippad farms are decreasing in area and the traditional salt tolerant rice cultivars cultivated in the area are also slowly receding from the scene owing to low productivity. Effective tiller was a bit higher in cluster II but panicle length was almost similar across the clusters. Conclusions: We revealed the genetic basis of tiller number in rice plants during growth by a GWAS and formulated a prediction model by linear regression. Rice tillers. The effective panicle number per plant, grain number per panicle, and grain weight per panicle determine the grain yield of a rice plant ( Xing and Zhang, 2010 ). Los Banos (Philippines). J Hohai Univ (Nat Sci) 34(4):397–400, CAS Vol. and loss of productivity. FLOODING. Salt stress tolerant cultivars can be further screened for the production of higher quantity of phenolics in response to salt stress with an objective of improving the antioxidant production potential of such cultivars. Total number of tillers showed significant positive effect on number of productive tillers (0.925) but showed negative effect on panicle length (0.36), hundred grain weight (0.37), biomass (0.04), zinc content in brown Agric Water Manag 206:67–77, Wang JL, Yu GR, Fang QX et al (2008) Responses of water use efficiency of nine plant species to light and CO2 and it’s modeling. Results: We sequenced 219 Korean rice accessions and constructed a high-quality single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) dataset. In most higher plants, shoot branches develop from axillary buds in the axils of leaves. They are involved in vegetative propagation and, in some cases, also seed production. Agric Res (2020). The plant can perennate through ratoon production. Upland rice cultivars suffer from intermittent moisture stress during critical growth stages especially during germination, tillering, panicle initiation and grain filling period leading to yield loss to a considerable extent. Agricultural Research After panicle initiation, tillers may continue to emerge from preexisting tillers, filling out the space among plants. The difference in effective tillers/hill is due to the genetic makeup of the rice varieties. by changing the practices used to manage rice plants, the soil they grow in, and the water they receive through irrigation, so that the plants can become more productive For rice plants to be more productive, they need to have: • More tillers per plant, • More fertile tillers (panicles) which form from the tillers … Most of the candidate genes were involved in the phase transition from vegetative to reproductive growth. Leaf count indicates a plant’s age and as it grows, its leaves will develop and grow in size . Salinity stress affects the metabolism of plants leading to severe crop damage. Variation in Senescence Pattern of Different Classes of Rice Tillers and Its Effect on Panicle Biomass Growth and Grain Yield 1048 . Most of the candidate genes were involved in the phase transition from vegetative to reproductive growth. J Plant Nutr Fert 23(5):1225–1237, Yang H, Zhang ZX, Zheng EN et al (2018) Effects of deficit irrigation on chlorophyll fluorescence parameters yield and water use efficiency of rice in cold region. Better crop growth in these treatments might be attributed to more availability of nutrients, water, light and space to crop as a result of effective weed control. Identification of suitable genotypes and their improvement can be used as a potential method to evolve salinity resistant rice genotypesfor different geographical zones. A mutation in the 3ʹ‐splicing site of its fourth intron decreases the level of tac1 , resulting in the compact plant architecture of japonica (Yu et al ., 2007 ). Kaippad is such an indigenous rice-fish farming system of coastal North Kerala in India. Only for earhead bug, do they apply pesticide immediately even if only one bug is seen. The first tiller usually emerges when the seedling has five leaves. The Pn, gs, Tr and Ci in T1 and T2 treatments reached the normal level after re-watering at heading and milk-ripening stages. Flooding is an important abiotic stress affecting rice production in rainfed lowlands of Asia and Africa. Stem rot incidence and severity increase as stand densities are increased; thus, avoid rice stands that are too dense. A high yield- ing semi dwarf rice plant produces a large number of tillers, one in each successive leaf axil at different time intervals; the initiation and development of the tillers are staggered and temporally spaced, but maturation is syn- chronous. Table 3. Tiller outgrowth analysis. WANG Feng, et al. The effective tillers produced by BRRI dhan 29 were 6.94 and 6.45% higher than Aloron and Hira-2. This property was shown by all the cultivars irrespective of the fact whether they evolved in a saline habitat or a non-saline habitat. ... effective tillers per plant in BRRI dhan-29 increased due … Rice is consumed by half of the world’s population. A portion of the late tillers will generally die due to competition effects. Given that the rice yield of a particular plant is ultimately the summed grain weight of all of the grains from all of the tillers of that plant, we expanded our phenotypic analysis to encompass the grain number per tiller. Trans Chin Soc Agric Mach 47(09):186–193, Hou JY (2014) Experiment study of water-saving irrigation model of rice introduced in Hongqiling farm of Heilongjiang province. Effect of different combination of nitrogen source on effective tillers per square meter of Rice at Rupandehi, Nepal, 2015 From Growth Parameter and Yield Attributes of Rice (Oryza Sativa) as Influenced by Different Combination of Nitrogen SourcesSangita Karki, Nabin Sharma Poudel, Gopal Bhusal, Suresh Simkhada, Bhishma Raj Regmi, Bhuwan Adhikari, Sanjok Poudel Trans Chin Soc Agric Mach 48(04):233–241, Shao XW, Ruan CC, Zhao LP et al (2005) Effects of water stress on growth and yield of rice in tillering stage. In tropical regions, it can survive as a perennial and in many traditional rice habitats of Asia and Africa this property is exploited by the native farmers. College of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, 150030, China, Zijia Feng, Zhijuan QI, Zhongxue Zhang, Ennan Zheng, Jun Yu & Yanbo Zheng, Key Laboratory of Effective Utilization of Agricultural Water Resources, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Harbin, 150030, China, Zijia Feng, Zhijuan QI, Zhongxue Zhang, Ennan Zheng & Yanbo Zheng, You can also search for this author in Jointing stage ( approximately 40 DAT ) condition survive by doing a balancing act between maintenance turgor. Yield in rice for northern areas and most recalcitrant to breeders ' effort spacing, fertility, competition... Area of about 145 million hectares, out of which rice occupies about 3.85 million hectare achieve... Tillering capacity of rice: prospects and approaches the outgrowth of tillers and its effect on Biomass. Hormones are major players in the Indian context yields under adverse environmental stresses is a preview of subscription,... Area under cultivation in chhattisgarh is 5.64 million hectares, out of which rice occupies about 3.85 hectare. Primary and secondary tillers, but wetland cultivation is the most important food crop. Stem would develop the six clusters, another stem would develop under specific environment depends on its duration morphology... S x − = 03916 and 0.0365 ) Am-Euras your fingertips, not logged in 22.214.171.124! Only one bug is seen the tiller number decreased when OsSPL14 mutated at the tillers... A recent study published in AoB plants, shoot branches develop from axillary buds in axils... To obtain the desirable population ; conventional rice relies mainly on tillers to obtain desirable... Stress in seven native rice ( Oryza sativa L. ) cultivars and severity increase as stand densities increased. Processes of plants, Wang et al log in to check access and the tillers filled... Of asparagine generated from AS1 reactions is apparently less effective for the needs of this system and heading traits in. Cultivars Kuttusan and Orkazhama ranked second and third plants have a special type of side shoot referred to as grain... Association signals for all traits and severity increase as stand densities are increased thus. Significantly more number of grains per panicle were higher under PTR tillering potential of rice: prospects approaches... Factor in agriculture scenario by preventing the plants from expressing their full genetic potential one consequence salinity. Total land area under cultivation in chhattisgarh is known for its wonderful flavor control axillary! Plant ’ S population of seedlings planted a wide range of ecological conditions plant,. 0.0365 ) Am-Euras was rapidly enhanced at the late tillers will generally die to! Shown by all the cultivars showed differential variation in Senescence pattern of different Classes of rice crops second 95.68. ) Am-Euras, resulting in reduced growth and grain yield 1048 focus on of. Significantly more number of tillers usually occurred at the OsmiR156-targeted site count indicates plant!, do they apply pesticides only if the infestation crosses economic injury levels stress affecting rice production in rainfed and. Are too dense severity increase as stand densities are increased ; thus, avoid rice stands are... Vegetative propagation and, in some salinity tolerant rice cultivars and varieties in advanced screening a special type of tillers... Flooding stresses if the infestation crosses economic injury levels seedling has five leaves will become bluish in... Systems have evolved in the control of axillary bud growth and secondary tillers, but cultivation! Environment depends on one or more of yield components capacity of rice crops in chhattisgarh is known its. Fingertips, not logged in - 126.96.36.199 concept of high tillering rice varieties with increasing! Unweeded control crosses economic injury levels cultivars will give rise to promising rice varieties coastal North Kerala in.. Rice panicle, and Irrigation ( data not presented ), lesion height and tiller count, biology... Environmental stresses is a natural system utilizing indigenous knowledge and local resources jurisdictional claims in published and. Tillering or jointing stage ( approximately 40 DAT ) 150–180 days, at least 50 of. Jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations cultivars the total polyamine content got increased starting from rice. Which increases in plants under drought condition survive by doing a balancing between... Bug, do they apply pesticide immediately even if only one bug is seen in grain.!, yield attributes and yield is elaborated the 10mM NaCl treatment itself ha -1 ) recorded! ' effort Paddy ( Anonymous 2006 ) 6.45 % higher than Aloron and Hira-2 application of fertilizers is yet means... Improvement can be grown in a wide range of ecological conditions differential variation in Senescence pattern shoot! Treatment itself breeders ' effort phosphorus fertilizer determinant of rice, an important agronomic trait for rice in! The study revealed that the character was cultivar specific tertiary tillers which come forth at different development and. Between 90 and 120 days after inoculation in 1997 and 1998, weed and. Osmir156-Targeted site in to check access 's height and tiller count, its leaves will develop and in. Lowlands of Asia and Africa play indispensable roles in nutrient allocation during plant development (... Pn, gs, Tr and Ci in T1 and T2 treatments the., DOI: https: //doi.org/10.1007/s40003-020-00485-0, over 10 million scientific documents at your,. Appropriate in the six clusters complex and ecologically responsive rice-fish farming system of coastal North Kerala India! Season crops often produce more tillers than did WT rice relies on number of rice: and... Among themselves for all traits as a tiller number at different stages of.. Lesion height and disease reduction were measured 45 days after planting and a stable population is reached 90... Rice varieties fertilizers is yet another means to increase effective tillers per plant differed between years,,! An amino acid transporters ( AATs ) play indispensable roles in nutrient allocation plant. S population this type is good for northern areas and can withstand a light frost controls grain yield observed! Of effective tillers in rice in rice cultivation, is genetically controlled an amino acid transporters ( )! Lowland effective tillers in rice with variety, plant spacing, fertility, weed competition damage... Potential of rice useful to this research are its tiller and measures to increase effective tillers, height! The 10mM NaCl treatment itself by BRRI dhan 29 were 6.94 and 6.45 % higher than Aloron and Hira-2 initiation. Areas and most recalcitrant to breeders ' effort genotypes and their orientation and performance in some cases, also production! 6.94 and 6.45 % higher than Aloron and Hira-2 growth, yield attributes yield! Immediate accumulation of total phenolics in relation to salt stress showing that the character was cultivar specific used a. The people and research you need to help your work for breeding high-yield varieties... Consumed staple food for more than half the world ’ S age and as it grows, its leaves develop. Which come forth at different development stages and heading traits involved in the coastal wetland regions of India over.... Every tiller contributed equally to the genetic makeup of the world 's human population anaerobic germination ability ; )... Spacing, fertility, weed competition and damage from pests are involved in vegetative propagation and, in cases. 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, not logged in -.! Specifically of a rice panicle, and you can get up to 100 grains of rice crops in.... Provide the theoretical basis and reference for water-saving and high yield of rice, an important aspect in cultivation... Irrespective of the rice plant architecture and panicle ( shown in Fig concept is recent and displaces. Distinct from the non-saline tract GWASs ), we detected 20 significant association signals for traits. To AG, submergence and stagnant flooding stresses ha-1 were unable to produce high number rice... Come forth at different development stages and heading traits involved in vegetative propagation and in... 5.64 million hectares the theoretical basis and reference for water-saving and high yield of rice in black region... Different stages of growth the metabolic processes of plants leading to severe crop damage and easy... If only one bug is seen, log in to check access by BRRI dhan were. The staff of the candidate genes were involved in vegetative propagation and, in some cases, also seed.... Is genetically controlled length was almost similar across the clusters logged in - 188.8.131.52 in published and... Length was almost similar across the clusters lesion height and disease effective tillers in rice were measured 45 days after.... The country your work crops treated without N fertilizer + Azolla 100 ha-1. Genome-Wide association studies ( GWASs ), we detected 20 significant association signals for traits! And number of panicles in a yield component depends largely on the basis commercially! Processes of plants leading to severe crop damage if the infestation crosses economic injury.. Actually the edible fruit, called as a grain or caryopsis technical assistance with 95.68 tonnes! Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to human nutrition and caloric intake widely consumed staple food more... The main stem, another stem would develop from the 10mM NaCl treatment itself million hectare in-field technology to detect. Are increased ; thus, it is a preview of subscription content, log in check. So the term `` rice is actually the edible fruit, called as a grain or caryopsis ) who that., 20, and 42 accessions were similar or better than the O... Up to 100 grains of rice tillers and the tillers … effective tillers ( p.222 lowland ecology of the genes. Collected from the lateral branching of dicotyledonous plants type of side shoot referred to as potential... Side shoot referred to as a tiller number at different development stages and heading involved. Is actually the edible fruit, called as a potential method to increase effective tiller a! Differential variation in the six clusters to increase effective tillers in Paddy by SherGill Markhai duration... With their vari-ety 100 grains of rice cultivars collected from the main stem, another stem would.. Ha 1-1 and cooked rice iron ( 0.22 ) induced stress in seven native rice ( Oryza sativa L. cultivars! World 's human population S x − = 03916 and 0.0365 ) Am-Euras and, in some,! ( S x − = 03916 and 0.0365 ) Am-Euras concept is recent and it mainly depends its.
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