[91] The Queen's Quarter in south Belfast is named after Queen's University. [119], At the 2001 census, the population was 276,459,[127] while 579,554 people lived in the wider Belfast Metropolitan Area. and Tolypella nidifica var. Most of Belfast, the capitol of Northern Ireland, is in County Antrim, one of the 6 counties that make up Northern Ireland. [90] It hosts a yearly visual and performing arts festival. [100][101] The dome is 173 ft (53 m) high and figures above the door state "Hibernia encouraging and promoting the Commerce and Arts of the City".[102]. virgata (Kütz.) Census figures (2011) showed that Belfast has a total non-white population of 10,219 or 3.3%,[141] while 18,420 or 6.6%[140] of the population were born outside the UK and Ireland. The O'Neill clan had a presence in the area. [115] Other attractions in the park include the Tropical Ravine, a humid jungle glen built in 1889, rose gardens and public events ranging from live opera broadcasts to pop concerts. [76] Some 13 more frosty nights than Stormont. [110], Parks and gardens are an integral part of Belfast's heritage, and home to an abundance of local wildlife and popular places for a picnic, a stroll or a jog. Rivers of Belfast". The other is County Down to the south. [55] This escalation in segregation, described as a "ratchet effect", has shown little sign of decreasing. For other uses, see, Capitals of European states and territories, Northern Ireland Assembly and Westminster. Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC), Belfast (Northern Ireland Parliament constituencies), Northern Ireland Assembly Elections in 2017, List of tallest buildings and structures in Belfast, Interface Barriers, Peacelines & Defensive Architecture, Selma To Montgomery National Historic Trail, "Standard Area Measurements (2016) for Administrative Areas in the United Kingdom", "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Mid-2019", "Where are the largest cities in Britain? County Antrim is one of the most knwon Counties in northern Ireland. Situated in Belfast in the Antrim County region, Clydesdale Shepherds hut features a patio and lake views. This rise slowed and peaked around the start of the Troubles with the 1971 census showing almost 600,000 people in the Belfast Urban Area. [232] They also hope to invest in a new modern transport system (including high-speed rail and others) for Belfast, with a cost of £250 million. Belfast is the largest city in the province and is Ireland's only industrialised city. [175] The Mary G McGeown Regional Nephrology Unit at the City Hospital is the kidney transplant centre and provides regional renal services for Northern Ireland. On Census Day 27 March 2011, in Belfast Local Government District (2014), considering the population aged 3 years old and over: On Census Day 27 March 2011, considering the population aged 16 years old and over: Level 1 is 1–4 O Levels/CSE/GCSE (any grades) or equivalent. Belfast in 48 Stunden erleben Urlaubsziele in Irland County Antrim [110], Belfast has over forty public parks. [36], Belfast was heavily bombed during World War II. The inland slope is gradual, but on the northern shore the range terminates in abrupt and al… Around this time, the linen trade in Northern Ireland blossomed and by the middle of the 18th century, one fifth of all the linen exported from Ireland was shipped from Belfast. [96] Plans include apartments, a riverside entertainment district, and a major Titanic-themed museum. The provision of certain resources for these schools (for example, such as the provision of textbooks) is supported by the charitable organisation TACA. [198] Projects to promote the language in the city are funded by various sources, notably Foras na Gaeilge, an all-Ireland body funded by both the Irish and British governments. This area became the hub around which the original settlement developed. 41.21% had no or low (Level 1*) qualifications. Das übrige Land ist stark landwirtschaftlich geprägt mit Schaf- und Rinderzucht. As with any modern economy, the service sector is vital to Northern Ireland's development and is enjoying excellent growth. [178] A 2005 survey of how people travel in Northern Ireland showed that people in Belfast made 77% of all journeys by car, 11% by public transport and 6% on foot. The Ulster University also maintains a campus in the city, which concentrates on fine art, design and architecture. There are, however, remains of other ancient castles, as Olderfleet, Cam's, Shane's, Glenarm, Garron Tower, Red Bay,[9] and Dunluce Castle, notable for its dramatic location on a rocky outcrop. The Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) listed Belfast as a Gamma + global city in 2020. Belfast has a longstanding underground club scene which was established in the early 1980s.[197]. The County of Belfast is County Antrim. Covering an area of just over 1,000 square miles, Antrim is home to some of Ireland's best loved myth and legend. [168] Rates in Belfast (and the rest of Northern Ireland) were reformed in April 2007. Belfast City Council takes part in the twinning scheme,[237] and is twinned with the following sister cities: The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the City of Belfast. The principal cairns are: one on Colin mountain, near Lisburn; one on Slieve True, near Carrickfergus; and two on Colinward. [150] For several decades, Northern Ireland's fragile economy required significant public support from the British exchequer of up to £4 billion per year.[150]. Antrim is a county. The Gaeltacht Quarter is an area around the Falls Road in west Belfast which promotes and encourages the use of the Irish language. Sir Thomas and Lady Dixon Park, to the south of the city centre, attracts thousands of visitors each year to its International Rose Garden. Die Wirtschaft konzentriert sich auf das Einzugsgebiet von Belfast, das bis Antrim hinaufreicht. [158] In 2004, Belfast had the lowest owner occupation rate in Northern Ireland at 54%. "That's because [of] the fundamentals of the UK economy and [because] people actually want to invest in the UK," he commented on that report.[163]. [31][32] In the face of the Ascendancy's intransigence, these were demands taken up by the Society of United Irishmen formed at a meeting in the town addressed by Theobald Wolfe Tone. Belfast is fast becoming a cultural and foodie hub in Northern Ireland. [149], The rise of mass-produced and cotton clothing following World War I were some of the factors which led to the decline of Belfast's international linen trade. From the eastern coast the hills rise instantly but less abruptly, and the indentations are wider and deeper. [131] The population density in 2011 was 24.88 people/hectare (compared to 1.34 for the rest of Northern Ireland). It had been the scene of various episodes of sectarian conflict between its Catholic and Protestant populations. 9.8 Exceptional 37 reviews Check availability. [128], This made it the fifteenth-largest city in the United Kingdom, but the eleventh-largest conurbation. There are 184 primary, secondary and grammar schools in the city. In the late 12th century Antrim became part of the Earldom of Ulster, conquered by Anglo-Norman invaders. [176] The architecture of the Grand Opera House has an oriental theme and was completed in 1895. [41] Loyalist paramilitaries including the UVF and the Ulster Defence Association (UDA) said that the killings they carried out were in retaliation for the IRA campaign. These opposing groups in this conflict are now often termed republican and loyalist respectively, although they are also loosely referred to as 'nationalist' and 'unionist'. In the late Middle Ages, Antrim was divided into three parts: northern Clandeboye, the Glynnes and the Route. Protestant workers organised to protect "their" jobs giving a new lease of life in the town to the once largely rural Orange Order. [135], The highest levels of segregation in the city are in west Belfast with many areas greater than 90% Catholic. The college has over 53,000 students enrolled on full-time and part-time courses, making it one of the largest further education colleges in the UK and the largest in the island of Ireland. Mehr. The majority of County Antrim residents are administered by the following councils: Additionally, the area around the village of Aghagallon is administered by Armagh City, Banbridge and Craigavon Borough Council. The council spends £1.5 million every year on running and promoting the zoo, which is one of the few local government-funded zoos in the UK and Ireland. Other senior clubs are Glentoran, Linfield, Cliftonville, Harland & Wolff Welders and PSNI. Weatherall, Norman (text) and Evans, David (paintings) 2002, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 00:10. [9], The valleys of the Bann and Lagan, with the intervening shores of Lough Neagh, form the fertile lowlands. During the winter solstice, the shortest day of the year, local sunset is before 16:00 while sunrise is around 08:45. In December 1971, 15 people, including two children, were killed when the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) bombed McGurk's Bar, the greatest loss of life in a single incident in Belfast. For elections to the European Parliament, Belfast was within the Northern Ireland constituency. On Census Day (27 March 2011) the usually resident population of Belfast Local Government District (2014) was 333,871 accounting for 18.44% of the NI total. Named after RMS Titanic, which was built here in 1912,[55] work has begun which promises to transform some former shipyard land into "one of the largest waterfront developments in Europe". A revival of Gaelic power followed the campaign of Edward Bruce in 1315, leaving Carrickfergus as the only significant English stronghold. It is a major centre of industry and commerce and has become established as the focus of logistics activity for Northern Ireland. Taking in Dublin Road, Great Victoria Street, Shaftesbury Square and Bradbury Place, it contains some of the best bars and restaurants in the city. ex A. Braun; Nitella flexilis var. Lloyd George, Parnell and Patrick Pearse all attended political rallies there. As with the vast majority of the rest of Ireland, Belfast has a temperate oceanic climate (Cfb in the Köppen climate classification), with a narrow range of temperatures and rainfall throughout the year. [179] It showed that Belfast has 0.70 cars per household compared to figures of 1.18 in the East and 1.14 in the West of Northern Ireland. Belfast (/ˈbɛlfɑːst/ BEL-fahst; from Irish: Béal Feirste, meaning "mouth of the sand-bank ford",[4] Irish pronunciation: [bʲeːlˠ ˈfʲɛɾˠ(ə)ʃtʲə]) is the capital and largest city of Northern Ireland, standing on the banks of the River Lagan on the east coast. More than 100,000 manufacturing jobs have been lost since the 1970s. The Belfast campus has a specific focus on Art and Design and Architecture, and is currently undergoing major redevelopment. longibracteata (Kütz.) [49] Tourist numbers have increased since the end of The Troubles, boosted in part by newer attractions such as Titanic Belfast and tours of locations used in the HBO television series Game of Thrones.[50]. Ballymena, in der Mitte 4. Cotton-spinning by jennies was first introduced to Belfast by industrialists Robert Joy and Thomas M'Cabe in 1777; and twenty-three years later it was estimated that more than 27,000 people were employed in the industry within ten miles (16 km) of Belfast. [67] In an average year the warmest day will rise to a temperature of 25.0 °C (77.0 °F)[68] with a day of 25.1 °C (77.2 °F) or above occurring roughly once every two in three years. [159], Peace has boosted the numbers of tourists coming to Belfast. Belfast remains segregated by walls, commonly known as "peace lines", erected by the British Army after August 1969, and which still divide 14 districts in the inner city. [7] It is also one of the thirty-two traditional counties of Ireland, as well as part of the historic province of Ulster. aspera; Chara globularis var. At the time Ireland produced a large amount of flax. In any case, we’re sure to have lots to share and are delighted to welcome you. The improvement scheme was completed five months ahead of schedule in February 2009, with the official opening taking place on 4 March 2009.[180]. The facility comprises four stages of 16,000 square feet (1,000 m2). Among the city's grandest buildings are two former banks: Ulster Bank in Waring Street (built in 1860) and Northern Bank, in nearby Donegall Street (built in 1769). Musgrave Park Hospital in south Belfast specialises in orthopaedics, rheumatology, sports medicine and rehabilitation. It is home to Botanic Gardens and the Ulster Museum, which was reopened in 2009 after major redevelopment. The new hotels have helped to increase a further 1,000 bedrooms in the city. Ag. This position was confirmed in four subsequent council elections, with mayors from Sinn Féin and the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), both of whom are nationalist parties, and the cross-community Alliance Party regularly elected since. The castle at Carrickfergus, dating from the Norman invasion of Ireland, is one of the best preserved medieval structures in Ireland. As Northern Ireland's capital city, Belfast is host to the Northern Ireland Assembly at Stormont, the site of the devolved legislature for Northern Ireland. [43], During the Troubles the Europa Hotel suffered 36 bomb attacks becoming known as "the most bombed hotel in the world". The site of Belfast has been occupied since the Bronze Age. Plans to bring in additional water tariffs have been deferred by devolution in May 2007. [112] The Belfast Naturalists' Field Club was founded in 1863 and is administered by National Museums and Galleries of Northern Ireland. This service is known as the Belfast Suburban Rail system. [23], Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom, Divide the population of County Antrim (618,108) by the area (3046 km2). Belfast is at the western end of Belfast Lough and at the mouth of the River Lagan giving it the ideal location for the shipbuilding industry that once made it famous. The team currently plays in the Down Senior County League.[212]. Show more Show less. Stena Line also operates a route to Liverpool. There were 6.4 million visitors in 2005, which was a growth of 8.5% from 2004. [179] A road improvement-scheme in Belfast began early in 2006, with the upgrading of two junctions along the Westlink dual-carriageway to grade-separated standard. | From Ballycastle to Portrush, Antrim's famous coastline is truly spectacular. [157] In March 2007, the average house in Belfast cost £91,819, with the average in south Belfast being £141,000. Like all areas of the island of Ireland outside of the Gaeltacht, the Irish language in Belfast is not that of an unbroken intergenerational transmission. In a demonstration of their resolve not to submit to a Dublin parliament, in 1912 Belfast City Hall unionists presented the Ulster Covenant, which, with an associated Declaration for women, was to accumulate over 470,000 signatures. In … The antiquities of the county consist of cairns, mounts or forts, remains of ecclesiastical and military structures, and round towers. Erleben Sie die weltbekannte, hochgelobte Ausstellung in der Geburtsstadt des „Schiffs der Träume“. The largest part of the capital city of Northern Ireland, Belfast, is also in County Antrim. The 2001 census population in the same Urban Area had fallen to 277,391[127] people, with 579,554 people living in the wider Belfast Metropolitan Area. The Capital and largest city is located here as well as the town Antrim. [192] In 2003, Belfast had an unsuccessful bid for the 2008 European Capital of Culture. [9], In ancient times, Antrim was inhabited by a Celtic people called the Darini. Rapid industrial growth in the nineteenth century drew in landless Catholics from outlying rural and western districts, most settling to the west of the town. 63.84% were economically active, 36.16% were economically inactive; 5.59% were unemployed, of these 43.56% were long-term unemployed. Intermediate-level clubs are: Dundela, Newington Youth, Queen's University and Sport & Leisure Swifts, who compete in the NIFL Premier Intermediate League; Albert Foundry, Bloomfield, Colin Valley, Crumlin Star, Dunmurry Rec., Dunmurry Young Men, East Belfast, Grove United, Immaculata, Iveagh United, Malachians, Orangefield Old Boys, Rosario Youth Club, St Luke's, St Patrick's Young Men, Shankill United, Short Brothers and Sirocco Works of the Northern Amateur Football League and Brantwood and Donegal Celtic of the Ballymena & Provincial League. [187][188], The city has two airports: Belfast International Airport offering, domestic, European and international flights such as Orlando operated seasonally by Virgin Atlantic. [52] Belfast is represented in both the British House of Commons and in the Northern Ireland Assembly. [139] The largest groups are Poles, Chinese and Indians.[140][141]. 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